'''Booker Taliaferro Washington''' (April 5, 1856 – November 14, 1915) was an American educator, author, orator, and advisor to presidents of the United States. Between 1890 and 1915, Washington was the dominant leader in the African-American
Washington was from the last generation of black American leaders born into slavery and became the leading voice of the former slaves and their descendants. They were newly oppressed in the South by Disfranchisement after Reconstruction era|disenfranchisement
and the Jim Crow
discriminatory laws enacted in the post-Reconstruction Era (United States)|Reconstruction
Southern states in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
His base was the Tuskegee University|Tuskegee Institute
, a historically black college
in Alabama. As lynchings
in the South reached a peak in 1895, Washington gave a speech, known as the "Atlanta compromise
," which brought him national fame. He called for...